TurnToJPG -->


Install uml-utilites for arm emulator networking:

# sudo apt-get install -y uml-utilities
# sudo tunctl -u  dash -t tap0
# sudo ifconfig tap0 up
# echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
# iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o enp0s20f0u12u1 -j MASQUERADE
# iptables -I FORWARD 1 -i tap0 -j ACCEPT
# iptables -I FORWARD 1 -o tap0 -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

Now your tap0 will be ready for working.

Install qemu for aarch64:

# apt-get install qemu-system-arm
# which qemu-system-aarch64

Using emulator via:

qemu-system-aarch64 -m 6024 -cpu cortex-a57  -M virt -nographic -pflash flash0.img -pflash flash1.img -drive if=none,file=bionic-server-cloudimg-arm64.img,id=hd0 -device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 -drive file=user-data.img,format=raw -net nic -net tap,ifname=tap0,script=no #-device virtio-net-device,netdev=net0,mac=52:54:00:12:34:56

Too slow on x86. So I switches to arm based server.


Mount iso and use it as the repository server:

#  mount -t iso9660 -o loop ubuntu-18.04.2-server-arm64.iso /mnt
# apt-cdrom -d=/mnt add
#  cat /etc/apt/sources.list
deb cdrom:[Ubuntu-Server 18.04.2 LTS _Bionic Beaver_ - Release arm64 (20190210)]/ bionic main r
# apt-get update -y
# cp ubuntu-18.04.2-server-arm64.iso ubuntu-18.04.2-server-arm64-1.iso
# mount -t iso9660 -o loop ./ubuntu-18.04.2-server-arm64-1.iso /media/cdrom

Install some packages for qemu:

# apt-get install -y qemu-kvm build-essential 

When offline, we use the offline repository:

# cd /root/armdebs
# dpkg-scanpackages . /dev/null | gzip -9c > Packages.gz
# vim /etc/apt/sources.list
deb [trusted=yes] file:///home/test/armdebs ./
# apt-get update -y
# apt-get install -y uml-utilities

From now on we could use qemu-kvm for accessing our vm.

Run emulated vms and install kubernetes, successful.


Notice, you should run following(pip download) on arm based machine!!!
On phsical machine, do following steps:

# apt-get install -y python-pip
# mkdir piparmarm
# cd piparmarm/
# pip download ansible
# pip download httplib2

Transfer the piparmarm folder to your machine, install it via:

root@arm01:~/piparmarm# pip install --no-index --find-links /home/test/piparmarm/ ansible httplib2
root@arm01:~/piparmarm# which ansible
root@arm01:~/piparmarm# ansible --version
ansible 2.8.1
  config file = None
  configured module search path = [u'/home/test/.ansible/plugins/modules', u'/usr/share/ansible/plugins/modules']
  ansible python module location = /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/ansible
  executable location = /usr/local/bin/ansible
  python version = 2.7.15rc1 (default, Nov 12 2018, 14:31:15) [GCC 7.3.0]

Install docker-ce(manually):

# apt-get install -y docker-ce python-netaddr
# docker load<allimages.tar

Configure the hosts.ini, then run playbook:

# ansible-playbook -i inventory/sample/hosts.ini cluster.yml

helm building

helm docker image doesn’t support arm64, thus we do following steps for rebuilding our own image:

# wget${HELM_LATEST_VERSION}-linux-arm64.tar.gz
# tar xzvf helm-xxxxx-linux-arm64.tar.gz
# mv linux-arm64/helm ~/dockerbuild
# cd ~/dockerbuild
# vim Dockerfile

The Dockerfile we changes to following:

FROM alpine

LABEL maintainer="Lachlan Evenson <>"


# Metadata
LABEL org.label-schema.vcs-ref=$VCS_REF \
      org.label-schema.vcs-url="" \$BUILD_DATE \


COPY . /usr/local/bin

CMD ["help"]

Build the image with following commands:

# docker image build -t lachlanevenson/k8s-helm:v2.13.1-arm64 .
# docker save -o helmarm.tar lachlanevenson/k8s-helm:v2.13.1-arm64

Using the arm64 based image we could setup helm on kubespray.

harbor on arm64

Install docker-compose via:

# pip download docker-compose
# Install docker-compose in offline environment. 

Clone the repository and extract it to:

# pwd
# cd make
# ls                     docker-compose.clair.yml   harbor.cfg  prepare
common                          docker-compose.notary.tpl
docker-compose.chartmuseum.tpl  docker-compose.notary.yml  kubernetes
docker-compose.chartmuseum.yml  docker-compose.tpl         migrations
docker-compose.clair.tpl        docker-compose.yml         photon

The docker-compose file exists under folder.

changed to using repository’s docker-compose. apt-get install -y docker-compose.