Wordpress Migration Tips

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Moving a friend’s wordpress blog from DigitalOcean to a new cheap vps, here are all of the tips and steps.

MySQL Password recovery

I forget the mysql password, recover it via following ways(Ubuntu14.04 Version):
Stop the mysql instance via:

$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql stop

Start the mysqld daemon process use --skip-grant-tables options:

$ sudo /usr/sbin/mysqld --skip-grant-tables --skip-networking &

Mysql steps are listed as:

$ mysql -u root
>   SET PASSWORD FOR root@'localhost' = PASSWORD('password');
>   \q

Now better you reboot the machine, thus you could login to the mysql using the newly changed passwd.

MySQL database backup

Backup the existing running mysql via following command:

$ mysqldump -uroot -pxxxxxx wordpress>Yourbackup.sql

This Yourbackup.sql will be used later for restoring the database to the newly created database instance.

Docker Compose

The docker compose file is listed as:

version: '2'


    image: wordpress
      - ./www:/var/www/html
      - 8093:80
      WORDPRESS_DB_PASSWORD: Myexample250

    image: mariadb
      - ./mysql:/var/lib/mysql
      MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: Myexample250

Up/Down the service via following command:

### Up the wordpress website: 
$ sudo docker-compose up -d

### Down the wordpress
$ sudo docker-compose down

Now open your browser http://localhost:8093, you will see the wordpress installation page, install it:


The username/password would be any characters, because we will use our dumped wordpress database for restoring it.

Restoring Database

Create a new maria docker instance for restoring the mysql:

$ mv Yourbackup.sql ./restore
$ sudo docker run -it -v `pwd`/restore:/var/lib/mysql --link mariadb:mymariadb --net lili_default mariadb:latest /bin/bash

Now get the running mariadb’s IP address:

$ sudo docker ps | grep mariadb
f1233de46f3b        mariadb:latest                   "docker-entrypoint.sh"   About a minute ago   Up About a minute   3306/tcp                      amazing_jang
52df3ac6298d        mariadb                          "docker-entrypoint.sh"   9 minutes ago        Up 9 minutes        3306/tcp                      lili_mysql_1
$ sudo docker exec -it 52df3ac6298d /bin/bash
root@52df3ac6298d:/# ip addr 

Get the ip address , we know it’s

Now in the root@f1233de46f3b, do following commands:

# mysql -h172.19.0.3 -P3306 -uroot -pMyexample250
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 15
Server version: 10.1.20-MariaDB-1~jessie mariadb.org binary distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> \q

If you get the mysql shell, it hints that you could run following commands for restoring the database:

# mysql -u root -pMyexample250 --host= wordpress<Yourbackup.sql

Now you won’t get any article, because the old domain name is not compatible for the new domain name, suppose our old domain name is www.oldname.com, the new domain name is localhost:8093`, do following command for adjust to the new domain name:


mysql -h172.19.0.2 -P3306 -uroot -pMyexample250

use wordpress;
UPDATE wp_options SET option_value = replace(option_value, 'www.oldname.com','localhost:8093');
UPDATE wp_posts SET post_content = replace(post_content, 'www.oldname.com','localhost:8093');
UPDATE wp_comments SET comment_content = replace(comment_content, 'www.oldname.com','localhost:8093');
UPDATE wp_comments SET comment_author_url = replace(comment_author_url, 'www.oldname.com','localhost:8093');

Now the database has been restored, you could restart the docker instance, and examing the result, 52df3ac6298d 096fdeaac08a are the id for wordpress and mariadb.

$ sudo docker restart 52df3ac6298d 096fdeaac08a

Now reopen the browser,this time you will see the page has been adjusted to old website:


Ubuntu Env Preparation

scp the whole directory to remote machine(Ubuntu16.04).

Install docker via:

$ sudo apt-get install \
    apt-transport-https \
    ca-certificates \
    curl \
$ curl -fsSL <DOCKER-EE-URL>/gpg | sudo apt-key add -
$ sudo add-apt-repository \
   "deb [arch=amd64] <-DOCKER-EE-URL> \
   $(lsb_release -cs) \
$ sudo apt-get install docker-ce

Install docker-compose via:

$ sudo pip install docker-compose
$ sudo docker-compose up -d