MySQL creashes on DigitalOcean

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The mysql server always keep crash, with following log under /var/log/mysql/error.log:

141104 23:06:46 InnoDB: Fatal error: cannot allocate memory for the buffer pool

So this is the memory problem, we should allocate more memory for our VPS.


Add swap partition:
First check the swap partition:

root@xxx:/var/log# free -m
             total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached
Mem:           490        464         25         28         61        172
-/+ buffers/cache:        230        259
Swap:            0          0          0
root@xxx:/var/log# swapon -s
Filename                                Type            Size    Used    Priority

Now create a swapfile:

# dd if=/dev/zero of=/swapfile bs=1M count=1024
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out
1073741824 bytes (1.1 GB) copied, 2.16285 s, 496 MB/s
# ls /swapfile -l -h
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1.0G Nov  5 00:58 /swapfile

Setting the swapfile:

root@xxx:/var/log# chmod 600 /swapfile 
root@xxx:/var/log# swapon /swapfile
swapon: /swapfile: read swap header failed: Invalid argument
root@xxx:/var/log# mkswap /swapfile
Setting up swapspace version 1, size = 1048572 KiB
no label, UUID=64b727dd-0d7e-45ff-9235-cd9ba84b062f
root@xxx:/var/log# swapon /swapfile 

Now use free command you could check swap file enabled:

root@xxx:/var/log# free -m
             total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached
Mem:           490        458         31         28         25        229
-/+ buffers/cache:        204        285
Swap:         1023          0       1023

Add it permanately into the /etc/fstab:

/swapfile   none    swap    sw    0   0

Configure the parameters:

root@xxx:/var/log# cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness
root@xxx:/var/log# sysctl vm.swappiness=10
vm.swappiness = 10                                                                                      
root@xxx:/var/log# cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness                                                  
root@xxx:/var/log# vim /etc/sysctl.conf
vm.vfs_cache_pressure = 50
root@xxx:/var/log# cat /proc/sys/vm/vfs_cache_pressure                                          
root@xxx:/var/log# cat /proc/sys/vm/vfs_cache_pressure                                          

Now the mysql server should be good.

Disable wp-admin login password

Disable the login password.

# vim /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
#<DirectoryMatch ^.*/wp-admin/>
#    AuthType Basic
#    AuthName "Please login to your droplet via SSH for login details."
#    AuthUserFile /etc/apache2/.htpasswd
#    Require valid-user
root@xxx:~# service apache2 restart
 * Restarting web server apache2      

Change the password for login details

$ htpasswd .htpasswd user2