Building Android On Server

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New LXC Machine

Building Android need a Ubuntu machine, so I created the LXC machine which runs Ubuntu.
Install the bootstrap:

zypper in bootstrap

Then create the Ubuntu LXC via:

export LANG=en_US.UTF-8
Linux59:~ # lxc-create -n Ubuntu_Container -t /usr/share/lxc/templates/lxc-ubuntu

Start the container, username and password are ubuntu:

lxc-start -n Ubuntu_Container

Configure the LXC Machine

Better we have the static IP, and let the Container startup when machine boot.

Static IP Configuration

Change the network configuration via modifying the /etc/network/interfaces:

auto eth0

# Enable it for dhcp
#iface eth0 inet dhcp

# Enable them for static IP address
iface eth0 inet static
address 1xx.xxx.xxx.159
netmask 255.255.255.0
network 1xx.xxx.xxx.0
broadcast 1xx.xxx.xxx.255
gateway 1xx.xxx.xxx.1

Then next time you login into the machine, it hold the address of 159.

Start Together With Host Machine

Create a new definition file of systemd under the /usr/lib/systemd/system directory:

Linux59:/usr/lib/systemd/system # cat lxc\@.service
[Unit]
Description=%i LXC
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
ExecStart=/usr/bin/lxc-start -d -n %i
ExecStop=/usr/bin/lxc-stop -n %i

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Linux59:/usr/lib/systemd/system # pwd
/usr/lib/systemd/system

Let Ubuntu_Container runs when system bootup.

# systemctl enable lxc@Ubuntu_Container.service
ln -s '/usr/lib/systemd/system/lxc@.service' '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/lxc@Ubuntu_Container.service'

Update

visudo to change the settings:

ubuntu  ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
Defaults env_keep = "http_proxy https_proxy ftp_proxy"

Enable proxy for apt-get:

$ cat /etc/apt/apt.conf
Acquire::http::Proxy "http://127.0.0.1:9001";

Update the system and install some packages:

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install tmux openjdk-7-jdk
$ sudo update-alternatives --config java && sudo update-alternatives --config javac
$ sudo apt-get install git gnupg flex bison gperf    zip curl libc6-dev libncurses5-dev:i386 x11proto-core-dev   libx11-dev:i386 libreadline6-dev:i386 libgl1-mesa-glx:i386   libgl1-mesa-dev  mingw32 tofrodos   python-markdown libxml2-utils xsltproc zlib1g-dev:i386
$ sudo apt-get install build-essential 
$ sudo apt-get install g++-multilib
$ sudo ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/mesa/libGL.so.1 /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libGL.so

Configuration on USB

Create following file:

ubuntu@Ubuntu_Container:~$ cat /etc/udev/rules.d/51-android.rules 
# adb protocol on passion (Nexus One)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="18d1", ATTR{idProduct}=="4e12", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# fastboot protocol on passion (Nexus One)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="0bb4", ATTR{idProduct}=="0fff", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# adb protocol on crespo/crespo4g (Nexus S)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="18d1", ATTR{idProduct}=="4e22", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# fastboot protocol on crespo/crespo4g (Nexus S)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="18d1", ATTR{idProduct}=="4e20", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# adb protocol on stingray/wingray (Xoom)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="22b8", ATTR{idProduct}=="70a9", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# fastboot protocol on stingray/wingray (Xoom)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="18d1", ATTR{idProduct}=="708c", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# adb protocol on maguro/toro (Galaxy Nexus)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="04e8", ATTR{idProduct}=="6860", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# fastboot protocol on maguro/toro (Galaxy Nexus)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="18d1", ATTR{idProduct}=="4e30", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# adb protocol on panda (PandaBoard)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="0451", ATTR{idProduct}=="d101", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# adb protocol on panda (PandaBoard ES)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="18d1", ATTR{idProduct}=="d002", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# fastboot protocol on panda (PandaBoard)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="0451", ATTR{idProduct}=="d022", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# usbboot protocol on panda (PandaBoard)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="0451", ATTR{idProduct}=="d00f", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# usbboot protocol on panda (PandaBoard ES)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="0451", ATTR{idProduct}=="d010", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# adb protocol on grouper/tilapia (Nexus 7)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="18d1", ATTR{idProduct}=="4e42", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# fastboot protocol on grouper/tilapia (Nexus 7)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="18d1", ATTR{idProduct}=="4e40", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# adb protocol on manta (Nexus 10)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="18d1", ATTR{idProduct}=="4ee2", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"
# fastboot protocol on manta (Nexus 10)
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="18d1", ATTR{idProduct}=="4ee0", MODE="0600", OWNER="ubuntu"

Building

Enable git proxy

Configure the git configuration:

ubuntu@Ubuntu_Container:~$ git config --global user.email "xxx@gmail.com"
ubuntu@Ubuntu_Container:~$ git config --global user.name "xxx"

Compile the connect.c for getting the cross-firewall tool.

$ gcc -o connect connect.c
$ sudo mv connect /usr/bin
$ sudo chmod  777 /usr/bin/connect
$ cat /usr/bin/myproxy 
/usr/bin/connect -H 127.0.0.1:9001 $@
$ sudo chmod 777 /usr/bin/myproxy

Let your git authenticated by github, please refers to the following article:
http://kkkttt.github.io/blog/2014/10/14/verified-to-github/

Then add the proxy setting in .gitconfig:

[core]
	gitproxy = /usr/bin/myproxy


Preparation

Install repo:

   57  echo $PATH
/home/ubuntu/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/games
   58  curl https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo > ~/bin/repo
   59  chmod a+x ~/bin/repo

Make a new directory for holding the source code:

$ mkdir ~/code
$ repo init -u https://android.googlesource.com/platform/manifest

sync the repository:

$ repo sync

Build

Set the environment variables:

. build/envsetup.sh
lunch 

In lunch you could select whatever you like.
Then make via following command:

make -j 8

Trouble-shooting:

Your version is: java version "1.7.0_65".
The correct version is: Java SE 1.6.

Ok, we change the java version via:

$ sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
$ sudo apt-get install python-software-properties
Add the PPA:
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
Update the repo index:
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install oracle-java6-installer

After installation, update the java version via:


$ sudo update-alternatives --config java
[sudo] password for ubuntu: 
There are 3 choices for the alternative java (providing /usr/bin/java).

  Selection    Path                                            Priority   Status
------------------------------------------------------------
* 0            /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-oracle/jre/bin/java          1062      auto mode
  1            /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-openjdk-amd64/jre/bin/java   1061      manual mode
  2            /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-oracle/jre/bin/java          1062      manual mode
  3            /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-openjdk-amd64/jre/bin/java   1051      manual mode

Press enter to keep the current choice[*], or type selection number: 

Now you could run building.

###Trouble Shooting Build error:

If you are building an old version of android probably you’ll have this error

host C++: obbtool <= frameworks/base/tools/obbtool/Main.cpp
:0:0: error: “_FORTIFY_SOURCE” redefined [-Werror]
:0:0: note: this is the location of the previous definition
cc1plus: all warnings being treated as errors
To fix this, edit build/core/combo/HOST_linux-x86.mk and replace:

HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0
with

HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0
And that’s it.

When you meet “error: reference ‘counts’ cannot be declared ‘mutable’”, install gcc/g++ 4.4 and re-compiling.

$ sudo apt-get install gcc-4.4 g++-4.4  g++-4.4-multilib gcc-4.4-multilib
make CC=gcc-4.4 CXX=g++-4.4

View the CPU ranking:
http://itianti.sinaapp.com/index.php/cpu

490	Intel Core i5-2520M @ 2.50GHz		3537
851	Intel Xeon 5160 @ 3.00GHz		2047

View Result

Since we use the remote machine, we have to enable the vncserver, first install it via:

sudo apt-get install vnc4server

Install lubuntu-desktop as the default X:

sudo apt-get install lubuntu-desktop