ArchLinux On Surface Pro(1)

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System Management

Users and Groups

Install zsh and use zsh as the newly added users’s default SHELL:

# pacman -S zsh
# useradd -m -g root -G audio -s /bin/zsh Trusty

Then we add the newly added user into the sudo group and configure the sudo parameters:

# pacman -S sudo
# visudo
Defaults env_keep += "LANG LANGUAGE LINGUAS LC_* _XKB_CHARSET http_proxy https_proxy ftp_proxy ftps_proxy"

Now the user is OK, and you can directly use newly added user for login, I suggest you swiftly switch to the newly added user, because using root is not a good idea, it’s not safe.
And we can copy the existing zshrc file from the company machine.


Add following command into /etc/pacman.conf:

SigLevel = Never
Server =$arch


sudo pacman -Syu && sudo pacman -S yaourt


Install following packages:

# pacman -S chromium firefox xorg xorg-xinit awesome xf86-video-intel xf86-video-ati pidgin thunderbird wget libreoffice gnome-terminal tigervnc xfce4  evince gimp smplayer alsa-utils gvim eclipse git subversion wireshark-gtk tcpdump ddd gdb meld qemu virtualbox wqy-bitmapfont wqy-microhei wqy-microhei-lite wqy-zenhei fcitx fcitx-libpinyin rox gpicview conky fcitx-googlepinyin nodejs cronie ntfs-3g dmenu lm_sensors pm-utils


[Trusty@~]$ cat ~/.xinirc 
exec awesome
[Trusty@~]$ cat ~/.vnc/xstartup 

exec startxfce4

Configure crontab:

crontab -e
*/4 * * * * sudo fdisk -l /dev/sdb

Configure lm_sensors:

# yes | sensors-detect

Brightness of the screen(Too light!!!! should be darker!!!):

$ sudo echo 1240>/sys/class/brightness/intel_backlight/brightness

Network Configration(Wireless)

The wireless configuration on SurfacePro is quite annoying procedure, so following are the steps for configurating it.

Install NetworkManager:

$ sudo pacman -S networkmanager

Disable the dhcpd.service of systemd, cause the networkmanager will have its own dhcp client for configurating:

$ sudo systemctl --type=service 
$ sudo systemctl disable dhcpcd.service

Now enable and start the NetworkManager.service:

$ sudo systemctl enable NetworkManager.service

Using the applet for configurating the Network Manager:

$ sudo pacman -S network-manager-applet

Call nm-applet via:

$ nm-applet

Configure the wireless connection, the NM will automatically store it so now you could reboot for using the wifi(Make sure you have removed the wired connection).

Auto-Login Awesome

Since awesome will using the terminal by default, while I use synergyc for connecting to the synergys server, this will cause me to using surface pro’s keyboard, so enable auto-login for avoiding this.

Install lightdm via:

$ sudo pacman -S lightdm
$ sudo systemctl enable lightdm.service

Install lightdm-greeter via:

$ sudo pacman -S lightdm-gtk-greeter
$ sudo vim /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf

The greeter session could be view under ls -l /usr/share/xgreeters.

Configure the auto-login for awesome:

# vim /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf


# groupadd -r autologin
# gpasswd -a username autologin

Now restart the machine and it will automatically falls into the awesome login session.


Always a big problem!!!!!

$ sudo pacman -S fcitx fcitx-googlepinyin fcitx-configtool fcitx-qt4 fcitx-qt5

in /etc/locale.conf:

# Enable UTF-8 with Australian settings.

# Keep the default sort order (e.g. files starting with a '.'
# should appear at the start of a directory listing.)

# Set the short date to YYYY-MM-DD (test with "date +%c")

Configure it via:

$ vim .xprofile 
export GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx
export QT_IM_MODULE=fcitx
export XMODIFIERS=@im=fcitx

Restart the surfacepro, now you could using fcitx along with awesome/lightdm/firefox(need fcitx-gtk2)